Consent is explicit approval to engage in sexual activity demonstrated by clear actions or words. Non‐verbal communication silence, passivity, or lack of active resistance does not imply consent. Consent has not been obtained in situations where the individual is forced, pressured, manipulated, or has reasonable fear. Consent also has not been obtained when an individual is incapable of consent due to physical or mental incapacity, or is under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Dating Violence refers to violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim.
Domestic Violence is physical or psychological behaviors used by one person in a relationship to control the other. Partners may be married or not married; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together, separated or dating.
Domestic Violence may include violent acts by a current or former spouse; by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common; by a person who is or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse; by a person similarly situated to a spouse; between a parent and child; between members of the same household in an intimate relationship; or by any other person similarly situated. Domestic violence can be physical, sexual, emotional or economic in nature.
Sexual Assault has been committed if an individual by force or the threat of force engages in sexual relations against the will of another person.
Forcible sex offense is defined as any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person’s will; or not forcibly or against the person’s will where the victim is incapable of giving consent. They include rape, sodomy, sexual assault, and forcible fondling.
Non-forcible sex offense includes incest and statutory rape.
Stalking is unwanted or obsessive attention by an individual or group toward a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others or to suffer substantial emotional distress. Stalking may include the monitoring of an individual online or involve the use of social media, email or other technology. It may also include unwanted observation or surveillance.
Sexual Harassment is a type of sex discrimination and is prohibited by Title IX. Sexual harassment may include unwelcome sexual advances, requests to engage in sexual conduct or for sexual favors.
Sexual harassment can be verbal, visual or physical and can occur regardless of the relationship, position, gender, or sexual orientation of the parties involved. It can be overt (e.g., in a suggestion that a person can get a higher grade by submitting to sexual advances), or implied from conduct or circumstances.
Sexual harassment can also consist of unwelcome attempts to make an educational or professional relationship into a personal one. It may include severe, persistent and pervasive unwelcome sexual flirtation or inappropriate or derogatory language, including jokes involving individuals or classes of people, or persistent requests for dates. A single incident or few incidents may not necessarily amount to harassment, but a single extreme incident could constitute prohibited discrimination or harassment. Sexual harassment can also include the display of offensive materials, unwelcome physical contact, or serious physical abuse such as sexual assault or rape.